2016 Bar Exam Questions and Answers Civil Law

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Previous exam questions and selected answers are provided for the limited and personal use of Texas Bar Exam candidates only. The publication of previous exam questions and selected answers (or comments) is not intended to indicate one or more specific legal issues that will be considered in a future review. Do not use them as a substitute for learning the subjects covered by the exam. Please note that not all exam questions or selected answers are available for the exams listed below. If you open an exam session and specify the “Not Available” PDF file, this item cannot be verified for that exam session. 2016 Bar Exam Suggested Answers in Civil Law by the Legal Complex UP March 1, 2019 I. Section 1 0f P.D. NR. 755 states: Article 1. National Policy Statement – It is stated that the policy of the State is to provide coconut producers with readily available credit facilities at preferential prices, that this policy can be implemented quickly and effectively through the implementation of the “Agreement on the Acquisition of a Commercial Bank for the Benefit of Coconut Producers”, signed by the Philippine Coconut Authority. the terms of which are incorporated by reference;xxx ” A copy of the agreement has not been attached to the presidential decree.

P.D.No.: 755 was published in the Official Journal, but the text of the agreement described in section 1 was not published. Can the agreement in question be given the status of law? Explain. (5%) PROPOSED ANSWERS No, the agreement cannot be granted the status of law, a law must be published to enter into force. Article 2 of the Civil Code provides that Jaws takes effect fifteen (15) days after the completion of its publication in the Official Gazette, unless otherwise specified. The publication must contain the full text of the law, since the purpose of the publication is to inform the public about the content of the law (Tañada v. Tuvera, G.R. N0.63915, 24 April 1985, 136 SCRA 27). In Nagkakaisang Maralitav. Military Shrine Services (G.R. No. 187587 & 187654, June 5, 2013, 675 SCRA 359); The Supreme Court ruled that the addendum to the proclamation issued by President Marcos has no force or effect because it was not published in the Official Gazette. Furthermore, in Cojuangco, Jr.

v. Republic (G.R. No. 180705, 27. November 2012, 686 SCRA 472), which is located on all fours in this case, decided that, although the agreement was incorporated by reference, it has not been reproduced or annexed to the law and therefore cannot be granted the status of law. The publication of the full text of the law is essential to its effectiveness. II. With regard to the award of interest in the concept of actual and compensatory damage, please provide guidelines for the method of calculating legal interest in the following situations: (A) if the obligation is breached and consists of the payment of a sum of money such as a loan or leniency of money; (2.5%) B) if the obligation does not constitute credit or a waiver of the money.

(2.5%) Take the example of the publication of BSP-MB Circular No. 799, which entered into force on 1 July 2013. PROPOSED ANSWER (A) If the obligation is breached and consists in the payment of a sum of money such as a loan or abstention of money, the interest rate is, in the absence of provision, the legal interest rate of 6% per annum (Article 2209 of the Civil Code), which has been increased to 12% in accordance with Circular NB No. 905 (1982 series). from the default setting. The legal interest of twelve per cent of 12% per annum is only valid until June 30, 2013. From 1 July 2013, the new interest rate of six per cent (6%) per annum may be the applicable interest rate (Nacar V. Gallery.

Frames, G.R. No. 189871, 13 August 2013, 703 SCRA 439, application of BSP -MB Circular No. 799). (NOTE: It is proposed that even in the event that the examined Tañada v. TUVERA in support of the conclusion that publication is not necessary in the case of interpretative rules and those of a purely internal nature, since the language of the problem may be interpreted by the candidates as referring only to simple guidelines or directory questions]. The applicant should be recognised when he mentions that the actual basis for calculating the interest due on the loan or indulgence of money, property or credit is the amount of the loans, abstention plus interest specified in writing; otherwise, no interest may be charged on the use of the money (article 1956 of the Civil Code)). (B) Interest on the amount of damages awarded may be charged at the discretion of the court at the rate of 6% per annum. However, no interest will be charged on unliquidated claims or damages unless the claim can be established with sufficient certainty.

Therefore, if the claim is established with sufficient certainty, interest will begin to accrue from the time the claim is made in court or amicably, but if such certainty cannot reasonably be demonstrated at the time of the claim, the interest will not begin to accrue until the date on which the court`s judgment is rendered (at that time, the quantification of damages may be considered reasonable). are considered to be taken into consideration). In any event, the actual basis for calculating statutory interest is the amount finally assessed (Nacar v. Gallery Frames, G.R. No. 189871, 13 August 2013, 703 SCRA 439). III Romeo and Juliet, both Filipinos, were married. After a few years, Juliette received news from her mother that she could go to the United States for naturalization. Juliette promised that she would return when she became American. After a while, Romeo learned from a friend that Juliet had already become american.

Citizens and even divorced from him to marry a wealthy American businessman. Romeo filed a petition with the District Court requesting that an order authorize him to remarry in accordance with article 26 of the Family Code. Rule on the petition with the reasons: (5%) SUGGESTED ANSWER If the time of Juliet`s acquisition of U.S. citizenship preceded the time she received the divorce decree, then the divorce decree can be enacted in the Philippines, and therefore Romeo will be able to remarry under Philippine law. On the other hand, if Juliet received the divorce decree before acquiring U.S. citizenship, the foreign divorce decree cannot be recognized by the Philippine courts. Article 26 ( 2) of the Family Code provides that if a marriage between a Philippine citizen and a foreigner is validly solemnized and a divorce is subsequently obtained abroad by the foreign spouse who allows him or her to remarry, the Filipino spouse is entitled to reunification under Philippine law. In Republic v.

Orbecido (G.R. No. 154380, 5 October 2005, 472 SCRA 114), the Supreme Court held that section 26, paragraph 2, must be interpreted as covering cases involving parties who were Filipino citizens at the time of the solemnization of the marriage, but later one of them is naturalized as a foreign citizen and obtains a divorce decree. The point of settlement is not their citizenship at the time of marriage, but their citizenship at the time of obtaining the divorce decree abroad by the foreign spouse that allows him to remarry. ALTERNATIVE RESPONSE The petition should not be granted. A divorce obtained by a foreigner abroad may be recognized in our jurisdiction, provided that such a decision is valid under the national law of the alien. However, the divorce decree and the applicable personal law of the foreign spouse who obtained the divorce must be proved. Our courts do not take note of foreign laws and judgments; Therefore, like all other probative facts, both the divorce decree and the national law of the alien must be invoked and proved under our law of evidence (Republic v. Orbecido, G.R. no. 154380, 5. October 2005, 472 SCRA 114).

In this case, no evidence has been presented to prove the divorce between Romeo and Juliet and its validity under U.S. law. IV Leo married Lina and they had a son. After the birth of her child, Lina showed unusual behavior and began to neglect her son; She often went out with her friends and played in casinos. Lina then had extramarital affairs with several men and eventually left Leo and her son. Leo was able to talk to Lina`s psychiatrist, who told her that Lina suffered from praecox dementia, a form of psychosis in which the affected person is prone to deadly attacks, Leo has already been stabbed to death by Lina, but fortunately, he has only suffered minor injuries. Will an application for marriage annulment filed with the court succeed? Explain. (5%) PROPOSED ANSWER: No, an application for marriage annulment under article 36 of the Family Code will not succeed. Even if they are considered true, the alleged reasons are not sufficient to annul the marriage due to a “psychological disability”.


Boxer TTL S.C. (en adelante Boxer) con domicilio ubicado en: calle Manuel E. Izaguirre 19, departamento 502, piso 5, Col. Ciudad Satelite Municipio Nucalpan de Juarez, C.P. 53100, Estado de México, en términos de la Ley Federal de Protección de Datos Personales en Posesión de los Particulares (LFPDPPP) del Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Protección de Datos Personales en Posesión de los Particulares (Reglamento), y de los propios Lineamientos del Aviso de privacidad (Lineamientos), este acto notifica a los titulares de los datos personales que posee, la forma y los términos en los que sus datos serán tratados.

El tratamiento de datos personales del titular, tales como: nombre, correo electrónico, teléfono, código postal, género y edad que obren en poder de Boxer, tendrán como finalidades necesarias: la validación de recepción de promociones de Boxer.

Como finalidades secundarias del tratamiento de datos se encuentran:

  1. La promoción, publicidad, contratación y colocación de todo tipo de productos y/o servicios, asi como la prueba de los mismos, tanto de Boxer como de sus Clientes.
  2. Estadísticas, desarrollo de todo tipo de productos y/o servicios, incluyendo pruebas de los mismos de Boxer, de conformidad con el objeto social y lo establecido en la ley, autorizando desde éste momento su transferencia a otras empresas.

Boxer de ninguna forma comercializará con sus datos personales en actividades distintas a las señaladas en las finalidades del presente Aviso de Privacidad.


Los datos personales en poder de Boxer son recabados de manera licita e informada y podrán ser transferidos a cualquier tercero con los que Boxer tenga o llegare a tener una relación jurídica, en caso de que así lo estime necesario, para ello se hará del conocimiento del tercero que los trate, las finalidades con las que fueron obtenidos y por lo tanto con las que los podrá usar y/o tratar, procurando su confidencialidad, seguridad física y el establecimiento de procedimientos a seguir en caso de vulneraciones. Aquellos datos personales que obtenga Boxer a través de sus Clientes (Usuarios), de terceros o de fuentes de acceso público, serán tratados con la misma finalidad con la que fueron recabados por el responsable original y con alguna de las finalidades descritas en el presente aviso de privacidad.

Boxer responde a cualquier autoridad de manera enunciativa mas no limitativa: financiera, judicial, fiscal, penal, administrativa, por lo cual, en caso de requerimientos de dichas autoridades podrá transferir los datos personales.

Para realizar este tipo de transferencias de datos no se requiere de su consentimiento por estar permitidas en términos de la LFPDPPP.


Boxer mantendrá en su poder los datos personales a los que se refiere el presente Aviso de Privacidad, hasta por un periodo de al menos 10 (diez) años, o durante el tiempo que la relación jurídica entre el Titular de los Datos y Boxer, ya sea directa o indirecta permaneza vigente.


Los datos personales tratados por Boxer tendrán un tratamiento confidencial y limitado a la finalidad con la que son recabados, procurando en todo momento su seguridad física, controles de acceso, idoneidad y mantenimiento constante en las instalaciones, repositorios, medios físicos, ópticos o cualquier otro medio en los que sean almacenados.

Cualquier vulneración a los datos personales sujetos a la LFPDPPP o a los repositorios físicos o electrónicos en donde éstos sean almacenados por Boxer, serán notificados en su página de Internet, a través de medios masivos de comunicación y/o directo al titular de los Datos.


Los titulares de los Datos, como titulares, tienen derecho a (i) acceder a sus datos personales en posesión de Boxer y conocer los detalles del tratamiento de los mismos, (ii) rectificarlos en caso de estar desactualizados, ser inexactos o estar incompletos, (iii) cancelarlos cuando considere que no están siendo utilizados conforme a los principios, deberes y obligaciones aplicables, u (iv) oponerse al tratamiento de los mismo para fines específicos. Estos derechos se conocen como los Derechos ARCO.

Para el ejercicio de sus Derechos ARCO por favor envíe la solicitud al correo electrónico contacto@linkerbox.mx. La solicitud deberá contener la siguiente información y documentación:

Nombre y copia de identificación oficial vigente del titular y/o su representante legal. En el caso del representante legal se deberá acompañar del documento con el que se acredite su personalidad. Los documentos deberán ser escaneados y adjuntados al correo electrónico para verificar su veracidad.

La descripción clara y precisa de los datos personales respecto de los cuales se busca ejercer los Derechos ARCO, así como el derecho o derechos que se desea ejercer, lo cual podrá hacerse en el texto del correo electrónico o en un documento adjunto escaneado. Dicho documento deberá estar debidamente firmado al final del mismo y rubricado al calce de cada una de las hojas.

Señalar expresamente el deseo de recibir la contestación de Boxer a su petición a través del correo electrónico que usted nos proporcione.

Cualquier otro elemento o documento digitalizado que facilite la localización de los datos personales.

En el caso de solicitudes de rectificación de datos personales, el titular de los datos deberá indicar, además de lo señalado anteriormente, las modificaciones a realizarse y aportar la documentación que sustente su petición.

Tratándose de solicitudes de acceso a datos personales, procederá la entrega previa acreditación de la identidad del solicitante o representante legal, según corresponda.

Boxer emitirá la respectiva contestación y se tramitará la solicitud en los plazos establecidos por la LFPDPPP. En los casos de solicitudes de cancelación u oposición de datos personales, Boxer de procederá al bloqueo y supresión de los datos, no obstante los conservará exclusivamente para efectos de las responsabilidades nacidas del nuevo tratamiento.


Boxer se reserva el derecho de efectuar modificaciones o actualizaciones a los términos y condiciones del presente Aviso, para la atención de cambios legislativos, políticas internas, nuevos requerimientos para la prestación u ofrecimiento de servicios y prácticas del mercado.

Dichas modificaciones estarán disponibles para los titulares de los datos a través de su página de Internet. En el Aviso se incluirá la fecha de la última actualización del mismo.


Al proporcionar sus datos personales, usted otorga su consentimiento para que éstos sean tratados en los términos de este Aviso y con estricto apego al mismo, a la LFPDPPP, su Reglamento y a las disposiciones aplicables.

La fecha de la última actualización al presente aviso de privacidad: 19 de mayo de 2021.